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Backward
BackRunDocs: Theme Actual Future Past Special DocPresentation

Drawkcab Gninnur: Stifeneb
(Backward Running: Benefits)
Barry T. Bates, Ph.D.

Backward running has been the focus of several investigations in our laboratory. In the Biomechanics/Sports Medicine Laboratory at the University of Oregon over the past twenty-five years, we have examined lower extremity function and injury mechanisms, and have developed a broad knowledge base relative to both forward and backward running. To this end, we can speak confidently to differences and similarities between the two forms of locomotion and can furthermore identify potential training and rehabilitation benefits that can be achieved by incorporating backward running into a total fitness program.

Our investigations have suggested that runners perceive equal efforts during backward running at speeds of about 80% or so of forward running. This is due predominantly to the evolution of our musculo-skeletal structure. We have also ascertained specific kinematic and kinetic differences between forward and backward running. Lower extremity position differences between running at slow and fast speeds versus backward running are illustrated in Figure 1 at touchdown (top) and takeoff (bottom). Figure two compares lower extremity joint and trunk position throughout the support phase. Although kinematically similar positions result between forward touchdown and backward takeoff (and vice versa) the demands on the system do not result in one merely being the reverse of the other. When comparing these measured differences among modes of locomotion, backward running results in:

Figure 1.
Comparative Lower Extremity Positions During Slow Forward, Fast Forward, and Backward Running
at Touchdown (top) and Takeoff (bottom).

takeoff

 
touchdown

Figure 2.
Comparison of Lower Extremity Joint and Trunk Position for a Selected Subject
During the Support Phase (Fast Forward vs Backward Running).

support

Given these performance differences and other observations, we can identify potential benefits from backward locomotion. From a training perspective, benefits of backward running may include:

Copyright March 2000
Updated; November 2000
Web Layout: Human Performance & Wellness, Inc.
Send comments to: Webmistress
URL: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~btbates/backward/backward1.htm

BackRunDocs: Theme Actual Future Past Special DocPresentation

 

BackRunDocs: Theme Actual Future Past Special DocPresentation

 Backward running races in the world:
http://www.backward-running-backward.com/retrorunningthree.htm 
Find your contacts for your region over this collection!

BackRunDocs: Theme Actual Future Past Special DocPresentation

 

BackRunDocs: Theme Actual Future Past Special DocPresentation

Backward running website

High speed backward running (technical version): Dr. A.W. Arata

High speed backward running (lay version): Dr. A.W. Arata

Backward walking for rehabilitation and fitness: Bates, Dufek, C Grolle & E Grolle

Dr. Bates' Homepage

BackRunDocs:

Theme Actual Future Past Special

DocPresentation

Barry T. Bates has made a lot of research and he is said to be the great scientific proponent about the benefits of retro movement.

This is the link on Barry T. Bates homepage: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~btbates/index.html 

See our links to Backward running sites in "Special".

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